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REGULATION (EU) 2023/1542 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 12 July 2023 concerning batteries and waste batteries,

(...amending Directive 2008/98/EC and Regulation (EU) 2019/1020 and repealing Directive 2006/66/EC). EU battery regulation repealing the existing directive. The regulation has direct legal effect in Denmark and must be introduced and fully implemented by February 2027. The regulation introduces new battery categories, with which battery manufacturers and importers must be registered in the producer responsibility register as early as August 2025.

The new battery categories

Categori Forkortelse Vægt- og voltgrænse
1. Portable batteries </= 5 kg
2. Light means of transport LMT </= 25 kg
3. Electric Vehicles EV > 25 kg
4. Industrial batteries IND1 < 2 kWh og > 5 kg
IND2 > 2 kWh
5. Start-, light og ignition batterier SLI
  1. “Portable battery” refers to any battery that is sealed, weighs less than 5 kg, is not designed specifically for industrial use, and is not a starter, lighter, igniter (SLI) or LMT. A portable battery for general use is a primary or secondary portable battery specifically designed to be interoperable and within common formats: 3R12, button cell, D, C, AA, AAA, AAAA, A23 and PP3.
  2. LMT battery – Battery that is sealed and weighs less than or equal to 25 kg and is designed to provide electric power for traction for wheeled vehicles powered by an electric motor or combination of motor and human power, including vehicles of category L in the meaning of Regulation (EU) No. 168/2013; does not include EV batteries.
  3. EV battery – Specifically designed to provide electric power for traction for hybrid or electric vehicles of Category L in the meaning of Regulation (EU) No. 168/2013 with a weight greater than 25 kg; can also refer to a battery designed to provide electric power for traction of hybrid and electric vehicles of M, N or O categories in the meaning of Regulation (EU) No. 2018/858.
  4. Industrial battery – Designed specifically for industrial purposes or intended for industrial uses after repurposing, or any other battery with a weight greater than 5 kg that is not an LMT, EV or SLI battery.
    SBESS – Rechargeable industrial battery with internal storage specifically designed to store and deliver energy from and into the grid to end users.
  5. SLI battery – Battery designed to supply electric power for starting, lighting or ignition; could also be used for auxiliary or backup purposes in vehicles, other means of transport or machinery.

Source: EU-Commission